Solution-focused Therapy (SFT) is a therapeutic approach that places much more emphasis on solving problems rather than the problems themselves. The approach focuses on implementing positive change. Clients are usually encouraged to set goals for themselves, i.e. ‘try something new today’ or ‘speak to one old friend today’.
SFT is future-focused in the sense that positive change will lead to a better near and ongoing future, and clients will not dwell on the negative feelings of past or present. SFT differs from pharmaceutical therapy because one’s medication in these types of cases is a temporary fix and simply masks the problem. However, some may argue that SFT is similar because it is not getting to the route of the problems.
Cognitive Behavioural Therapy
Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a therapeutic approach that examines thoughts and behaviours. A therapist aims to change thought patterns that lead to more positive effects on behaviours, reactions and general mental wellbeing. CBT is utilised to treat disorders such as depression and anxiety. Negative thoughts patterns about one’s self and outlook on life are challenged, whilst also implementing positive thoughts.
The aim is that this should result in a positive correlation between thought patterns and behaviours or reactions in situations. For example, a person prone to anxiety would have more positive thoughts patterns in social situations which will lead to them feeling more comfortable, therefore reacting better and exuding more positive behaviours.